Syrian forces intensified their bombardment on the city of Homs, a rebel stronghold. A well-known western war journalist and a photojournalist were among the score of people killed in just one attack. Speculation was rife that the forces intentionally targeted the media centre which housed the journalists.
A wave of bombings in Iraq killed scores of people. Shia neighbourhoods in Baghdad and other cities were the primary targets.
Voters in Yemen were asked to rubber-stamp the promotion of Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, the vice-president, to the presidency. He was the only candidate in the presidential vote.